Cannabis oil shown to significantly improve Crohns disease symptoms

first_imgCannabis has been used for centuries to treat a wide range of medical conditions, and studies have shown that many people with Crohn’s disease use cannabis regularly to relieve their symptoms. It has always been thought that this improvement was related to a reduction in inflammation in the gut and the aim of this study was to  investigate this.” Related StoriesCMC expresses dismay at the findings of new report “Drugs policy: medicinal cannabis”New study shows clear link between cannabis use and brain alterationsCannabis-based medication helps tackle dependency on cannabisThe Israeli team recruited 46 people with moderately severe Crohn’s disease, and randomized them to receive 8 weeks of treatment with either cannabis oil containing 15% cannabidiol and 4% tetrahydrocannabinol or placebo. Symptom severity and quality of life were measured before, during, and after treatment using validated research instruments. Inflammation in the gut was assessed endoscopically and by measuring inflammatory markers in blood and stool samples.After 8 weeks of treatment, the group receiving the cannabis oil had a significant reduction in their Crohn’s disease symptoms compared with the placebo group, and 65%met strict criteria for clinical remission (versus 35% of the placebo recipients). The cannabis group also had significant improvements in their quality of life compared with the placebo group.“We have previously demonstrated that cannabis can produce measurable improvements in Crohn’s disease symptoms but, to our surprise, we saw no statistically significant improvements in endoscopic scores or in the inflammatory markers we measured in the cannabis oil group compared with the placebo group,” said Dr Naftali. “We know that cannabinoids can have profound anti-inflammatory effects but this study indicates that the improvement in symptoms may not be related to these anti-inflammatory properties.”Looking ahead, the research group plans to explore further the potential anti-inflammatory properties of cannabis in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease. “There are very good grounds to believe that the endocannabinoid system is a potential therapeutic target in Crohn’s disease and other gastrointestinal diseases,” said Dr Naftali. “For now, however, we can only consider medicinal cannabis as an alternative or additional intervention that provides temporary symptom relief for some people with Crohn’s disease.’ Source:https://www.ueg.eu/center_img Oct 23 2018In the first study of its kind, cannabis oil has been shown to significantly improve the symptoms of Crohn’s disease and the quality of life of sufferers but, contrary to previous medical thinking, has no effect on gut inflammation.In a randomized, placebo-controlled study, researchers from Israel have shown that cannabis can produce clinical remission in up to 65% of individuals after 8 weeks of treatment, but that this improvement does not appear to result from a dampening down of the underlying inflammatory process.Speaking at UEG Week 2018 in Vienna, lead researcher, Dr Timna Naftali explained:last_img read more

Armed drones iris scanners Chinas hightech security gadgets

first_img Explore further Killer dronesThe rapid deployment of surveillance-focused technology across China is not new—police in Guiyang tracked down a BBC reporter in just seven minutes for a report on the southwest city’s network of cameras last year.But the security expo shows how broadly technology is being applied to a variety of challenges for the country’s public security forces.A Shenzhen-based tech company called ZNV is using video analysis, such as the detection of facial “micro-expressions”, to analyse emotional responses. One application is police interrogation, though the product is still in the pilot stage.At a booth run by the First Research Institute of the public security ministry, conference attendees took turns trying a VR game meant to teach police about proper firearm usage. One attendee waved around a fake gun in a simulated takedown of thieves who had robbed a fruit shop. Feedback from public security departments has been very good, said Gan Tian, the chief marketing officer at Wuhan-based tech company KitSprite, which is partnering with the First Research Institute.For instance, using VR, practical training of standard procedures can be conducted “in an unlimited time and space”, Gan told AFP.So far, the ministry has over 30 VR training modules for police, all developed by KitSprite. In the pursuit of high-tech police products, however, some companies seem to have got a little carried away. For instance, drones developed by Harwar, a Shenzhen-based company, can come with a number of add-ons, including a “net gun module” that launches a net to ensnare criminals on the run. © 2018 AFP China spent an estimated 1.24 trillion yuan on domestic security in 2017, a 12.4 percent increase from the year before “From fetal stage to adolescence to adulthood, the iris stays the same,” James Wang, marketing director at IrisKing, explained to AFP. Compared to fingerprinting and facial recognition, the error rate for matching irises is also lower.”Since iris recognition is done in vivo, it’s also very hard to fake,” he added.Big spendingChina spent an estimated 1.24 trillion yuan on domestic security in 2017, a 12.4 percent increase from the year before, according to a March report by Adrian Zenz, a China security expert at Germany’s European School of Culture and Theology.Bolstering security in China’s minority regions has been a priority, according to Zenz’s report.In Tibet, where numerous Tibetans have self-immolated in protest at Beijing’s policies over the years, domestic security spending rose more than 400 percent between 2007 and 2016—almost double the growth in spending across all provinces and regions for the same period. In the restive northwest region of Xinjiang, where the government has used an array of surveillance equipment, the security spending spree ballooned nearly 100 percent in 2017—twice its spending on healthcare, according to Zenz.A UN panel has cited estimates that up to one million ethnic Uighurs and other Muslim minorities have been placed in internment camps in Xinjiang, a charge rejected by Beijing, which says it is combating separatism and religious extremism through vocational education. From virtual reality police training programmes to gun-toting drones and iris scanners, a public security expo in China showed the range of increasingly high-tech tools available to the country’s police. The exhibition, which ran Tuesday to Friday in Beijing, emphasised surveillance and monitoring technology just as the Communist government’s domestic security spending has skyrocketed.Facial-recognition screens analysing candid shots of conference attendees were scattered around the exhibition hall, while other vendors packed their booths with security cameras.More innocuous applications, like smart locks for homes and big data applications to reduce traffic congestion, also occupied large swathes of the conference.But the high-end devices on display highlighted the emphasis that China has put on equipping its security forces with gear of the future.Megvii, an artificial intelligence company backed by e-commerce giant Alibaba, demoed different pairs of “smart” sunglasses, which sound an alarm when they spot a suspect.And they don’t come cheap—one pair costs around 20,000 yuan ($2,900), according to an employee manning Megvii’s booth. Similar eyewear made global headlines in February when police in the central city of Zhengzhou used them to spot potential suspects in a crowded train station.Multiple companies also showed off iris scanners, which specialise in detecting and matching unique patterns on the iris, the coloured part of the human eye. The exhibition was held as the Communist government’s domestic security spending has skyrocketed Shanghai airport automates check-in with facial recognition Facial-recognition screens analysing candid shots of conference attendees were scattered around the exhibition hall Citation: Armed drones, iris scanners: China’s high-tech security gadgets (2018, October 26) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-10-armed-drones-iris-scanners-china.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

S Korea spycam crimes put hidden camera industry under scrutiny

first_img Battle of the online sex crimes in high-tech S. Korea Shin Jang-jin’s shop in Incheon offers seemingly innocuous household items, from pens and lighters to watches and smoke detectors, but with a secret feature—a hidden one millimetre-wide-lens that can shoot video. The number of spycam crimes reported to police surged from around 2,400 in 2012 to nearly 6,500 in 2017. Protesters in South Korea have been calling for the government to crack down on widespread spycam porn crimes Citation: S. Korea spycam crimes put hidden camera industry under scrutiny (2019, March 28) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-03-korea-spycam-crimes-hidden-camera.html © 2019 AFP K-pop star Jung Joon-yong was arrested in March on charges of filming and distributing illicit sex videos without the consent of his female partners But some lawmakers are hoping to change that, co-sponsoring a bill in August that requires hidden camera buyers to register with a government database, raising alarm among retailers like Shin. Crime surgeSpycam crimes have become so prevalent that female police officers now regularly inspect public toilets to check for cameras in women’s stalls. In one case, offenders had livestreamed footage of around 800 couples having sex—filmed in hotel rooms using cameras installed inside hairdryer holders, wall sockets and digital TV boxes.As well as secretly filming women in schools, toilets and offices, “revenge porn”—private sex videos filmed and shared without permission by disgruntled ex-boyfriends, ex-husbands, or malicious acquaintances—is believed to be equally widespread. In a burgeoning scandal that has shaken South Korea’s entertainment industry, K-pop star Jung Joon-young was arrested this month on charges of filming and distributing illicit sex videos without the consent of his female partners. According to official statistics about 98 percent of convicted offenders are men—ranging from school teachers and college professors to church pastors and police officers—while more than 80 percent of victims are women.Malicious intentions”I turn customers away when it isn’t clear why and what they want hidden cameras for,” Lee Seung-yon, who customises spycam gadgets in Seoul, told AFP.But he admitted his approach was no guarantee against crimes.With the bill currently under consideration by a parliamentary committee, gadget retailers like Shin fear it will turn away potential customers.”More than 90 percent of spycam porn crimes are due to mobile phones, not specialised items,” he said, adding that any crackdown on the gadgets was akin to blaming knife makers for knife-related murders. While there is no official data to support Shin’s claim, a police official told AFP that “most” spycam footage is taken using smartphones. Shin Jang-jin, CEO of spy camera company Damoacam, admits he is not always to spot unscrupulous buyers Explore further But women’s rights activists say the claim is “misleading”, citing numerous cases involving customised cameras.Furthermore, they argue that since smartphones sold in the South are required to make a loud shutter noise when taking pictures—a measure put in place to combat spycam crimes—many offenders deploy high-tech devices or use special apps that mute the sound to secretly film victims.”Victims in most spycam crimes realise they were filmed only after illicit footage had been shared online whereas crimes involving mobile phones are much easier to catch in the first place,” said Lee Hyo-rin of the Korea Cyber Sexual Violence Response Center. “The solo purpose of these gadgets is to deceive others,” she told AFP. Over the past decade, Shin has sold thousands of gadgets. But his industry is coming under pressure as ultra-wired South Korea battles a growing epidemic of so-called “molka”, or spycam videos—mostly of women, secretly filmed by men in public places.Shin insists his gadgets serve a useful purpose, allowing people to capture evidence of domestic violence or child abuse, and told AFP he has refused to serve customers looking to spy on women in toilets. “They thought I would understand them as a fellow man. I turned them away.” But the 52-year-old admits he is not always able to spot unscrupulous buyers.In 2015 he was questioned by police after one of his products—a camera installed inside a mobile phone cover—was used to secretly film women in a dressing room at a water park outside Seoul. He had sold the device to a female customer and said he had no idea she would use it to film and distribute illicit footage online.Under current regulations, spycam buyers are not required to give personal information, making it difficult to trace their ownership and use of the devices. Spycams can be hidden inside a wide range of household items, including paintings, pens, smoke detectors and lighters This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

Sri Lankan Navy detains 6 Indian fishermen near Delft Island

first_img Asian News International RameswaramJuly 12, 2019UPDATED: July 12, 2019 14:22 IST Photo: ANISri Lankan Navy apprehended six Indian fishermen from Namputhalai near Delft Island on Friday morning.The Lankan Naval personnel were on a routine patrol onboard a Fast Attack Craft attached to the Northern Naval Command.They apprehended one country boat with six fishermen for poaching in the Sri Lankan territorial waters.Straying of Indian and Sri Lankan fishermen into each others’ waters is a recurrent problem as territories on the sea are not clearly demarcated.Also read: 27 Indian fishermen arrested by Sri Lankan navyALSO WATCH| Sri Lankan Navy arrests 12 Indian fishermenFor the latest World Cup news, live scores and fixtures for World Cup 2019, log on to indiatoday.in/sports. Like us on Facebook or follow us on Twitter for World Cup news, scores and updates.Get real-time alerts and all the news on your phone with the all-new India Today app. Download from Post your comment Do You Like This Story? Awesome! Now share the story Too bad. Tell us what you didn’t like in the comments Posted byIram Ara Ibrahim Sri Lankan Navy detains 6 Indian fishermen near Delft IslandThe Lankan Naval personnel were on a routine patroladvertisement Nextlast_img read more